grammar training
Prepositional phrases

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Prepositional phrases are groups of words containing prepositions.
This group of words lacks either a verb or a subject.
And it normally, and most commonly consists of a preposition and a noun.
For example:
  • They first met at a party.

Or a preposition and a pronoun.
  • Would you like to come with me please?

Here are the two main forms of a prepositional phrase:
  • preposition + noun/ pronoun/ gerund/ clause
  • preposition + modifiers (s)+ noun/ pronoun/ gerund/ clause

Here are some examples of the most basic prepositional phrases:
At home
At = preposition; home = noun.
In time
In = preposition; time = noun.
With me
With = preposition; me = pronoun.
By doing
By = preposition; doing = gerund.
About what he said
About = preposition; what he said = noun clause.

But mostly prepositional phrases are actually longer.
For example:
From my friend
From = preposition; my = modifier; friend= noun.
Under the warm blanket
Under = preposition; the, warm = modifiers; blanket = noun.
Along the busy, six-lane highway
Along = preposition; the, busy, six-lane = modifiers; highway = noun.

A prepositional phrase will function as an adjective or adverb. As an adjective, the prepositional phrase will answer the question Which one?

For example:
The sweet potatoes in the vegetable bin are green.
Which sweet potatoes? The ones forgotten in the vegetable bin.

As an adverb, a prepositional phrase will answer questions such as How? When? or Where?

Edward is exhausted from yesterday's long football practice.
How did Edward get exhausted? From yesterday's long football practice!
Before class, Joe asked his friends for a pencil.
When did Joe asked for it? Before class!
We tried the spicy soup at Turtle Taco Place.
Where did we eat the spicy food? at Turtle Taco Place!

Here are some common prepositional phrases:

List of Prepositional Phrases with OUT
Out of work
Out of trouble
Out of the question
Out of stock
Out of sight
Out of school
Out of reach
Out of place
Out of order
Out of one's mind
Out of love
Out of ideas
Out of hatred
Out of control
Out of context
Out of breath

Prepositional Phrase List with FOR
For the time being
For the sake of
For the rest of
For the good of
For sure
For short
For sale
For real
For once
For nothing
For lunch
For life
For instance
For granted
For good
For fun
For fear of
For example
For ever

Prepositional Phrase List with WITH
With the purpose of
With the intention of
With the help of
With the exception of

Prepositional Phrase List with AT
At worst
At work
At will
At the same time
At risk
At once
At home
At any cost
At a glance
At a discount

Prepositional Phrase List with WITHOUT
Without warning
Without thinking
Without exception
Without delay
Without a doubt

Prepositional Phrase List with ON

On vacation
On the top of
On the phone
On the first day
On time
On television
On purpose
On my birthday
On board
On a regular basis
On a bicycle

Prepositional Phrase List with UNDER
Under treatment
Under the pressure of
Under construction
Under arrest

Prepositional Phrase List with IN
In vain
In theory
In the meantime
In the end
In the dark
In the air
In public
In progress
In future
In front of
In contact with
In consequence of
In case of
In accordance with
In a hurry
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