A phrasal verb is a verb that is made up of a main verb together with an adverb or a preposition or both.
Typically, their meaning is not obvious from the meanings of the individual words themselves.
- She has always looked down on me.
The phrasal verb 'to look down on someone' doesn't mean that you are looking down from a higher place at someone who is below you; it means that you think that you are better than someone. Phrasal Verb Form: VERB + ADVERB
These phrasal verbs can be: transitive
(direct object) intransitive
(no direct object) transitive
put off = postpone
turn down = refuse
- We will have to put off the meeting.
- They turned down my offer.
get up = rise from bed
break down = stop working
Phrasal Verb Form: VERB + PREPOSITION
- I don't like to get up.
- He was late because his car broke down.
All prepositional verbs have direct objects (they are transitive).
believe in = have faith in the existence of
look after = take care of
talk about = discuss
wait for = await
- I believe in destiny.
- He is looking after the cat.
- Did you talk about this?
- Jerry is waiting for Mary.
Prepositional verbs cannot be separated.
That means that we cannot put the direct object between the two parts.
Phrasal Verb Form: VERB + ADVERB + PREPOSITION
- We must say "look after the baby".
- We cannot say "look the baby after"
get on with = have a friendly relationship with
put up with = tolerate
look forward to = anticipate with pleasure
run out of = use up, exhaust
- He doesn't get on with trainer.
- I won't put up with your lifestyle.
- I look forward to seeing you.
- We have run out of eggs.