grammar training
Phrasal Verbs

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Phrasal Verbs - Фразовые глаголы
A phrasal verb is a verb that is made up of a main verb together with an adverb or a preposition or both.
Typically, their meaning is not obvious from the meanings of the individual words themselves.

For example:
  • She has always looked down on me.

The phrasal verb 'to look down on someone' doesn't mean that you are looking down from a higher place at someone who is below you; it means that you think that you are better than someone.

Phrasal Verb Form: VERB + ADVERB

These phrasal verbs can be:
transitive (direct object)
intransitive (no direct object)


transitive

put off = postpone
turn down = refuse
For example:
  • We will have to put off the meeting.
  • They turned down my offer.


intransitive

get up = rise from bed
break down = stop working
For example:
  • I don't like to get up.
  • He was late because his car broke down.


Phrasal Verb Form: VERB + PREPOSITION

All prepositional verbs have direct objects (they are transitive).

believe in = have faith in the existence of
look after = take care of
talk about = discuss
wait for = await

For example:
  • I believe in destiny.
  • He is looking after the cat.
  • Did you talk about this?
  • Jerry is waiting for Mary.


Prepositional verbs cannot be separated.
That means that we cannot put the direct object between the two parts.

For example:
  • We must say "look after the baby".
  • We cannot say "look the baby after"


Phrasal Verb Form: VERB + ADVERB + PREPOSITION

get on with = have a friendly relationship with
put up with = tolerate
look forward to = anticipate with pleasure
run out of = use up, exhaust

For example:
  • He doesn't get on with trainer.
  • I won't put up with your lifestyle.
  • I look forward to seeing you.
  • We have run out of eggs.
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